Breast milk is the milk produced by the breasts (or mammary glands) of a human female to feed Breastfeeding also reduces the risk of breast cancer later in life. Lactation protects both mother and infant from both types of diabetes. Lactation Lactose: 7. Many mothers find it convenient or even necessary to collect their breast milk and store it Refer to the Breast Milk Storage chart below to learn how to store breast milk. . mother and baby health through the life-giving benefits of human milk.